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What would happen if a state official refused to certify an election?

A Washington Post analysis found that more than 100 GOP primary winners deny the results of the presidential election. Arizona in particular has become a hotbed of election deniers. People at all levels of an election could theoretically do this, from a poll worker on up to the governor. There are some built-in protections to stop rogue actors from taking over, experts say. The courts have the authority to force that public official to sign off on election results, and the courts have a backstop, they say. In North Carolina four years ago, election officials threw out a congressional race after an aide to the Republican candidate was suspected of — and later convicted of — ballot fraud — was convicted of ballot fraud. In Arizona, Lake said she wouldn’t have certified the 2020 results if she had been

The Brennan Center has been tracking proposed state laws to make it harder to vote and easier to change election results. To be an election official in America these days can mean receiving death threats for doing your job. Many GOP politicians have pointed to public doubt that they helped sow as a reason to object to legitimate election results, but democracy experts see this practice as corrosive. The Supreme Court will consider opening the door for state legislatures alone to decide how to allocate election results in the fall, which could result in state courts or even a state’s constitution getting pushed out of the field. Many of these officials and their institutional knowledge will leave the field — though they’re needed more than ever.