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On presidential records, the guidelines are unambiguous. The error is not.

The Presidential Records Act was passed in 1978 and covers both the president and vice-presidential records. Trump defiantly took classified documents and has resisted returning them, while Biden’s team says it has returned papers. The rules are clear, but enforcing them is hard, experts say. NARA becomes the lawful owner of millions of presidential papers from the outgoing chief executive. Arranging that transfer requires months of coordination and planning, culminating in a massive move of documents. But NARA has limited authority to determine what happens in the days and weeks leading up to a transition.